Mali was the principal producer of gold way before the Americas was discovered. Ghana is referred to as the “Land of Gold”. “”Leaders of the ancient kingdom of Ghana accumulated wealth by keeping the core of pure metal, leaving the unworked native gold to be marketed by their people.” Oh the History of the Trans-Saharan Gold Trade of the 7th to 14th Centuries are filled with stories of greatness, power and wealth. “Sundiata Keita (1210?-1260?), founder and ruler of the Mali Empire in West Africa. Sundiata was the son of Nare Maghan, the ruler of Kangaba, a small state located on a tributary of the upper Niger River. Sundiata left Kangaba, but the reason is unknown: he may have gone into voluntary exile to avoid a jealous half brother, or he may have been exiled by Sumanguru Kante, king of the Susu, who killed Sundiata`s father and took over his kingdom. Sundiata responded to the requests of his people to return to Kangaba to help them regain independence. He assembled a coalition of Mandinka (also known as Mandingo or Malinke) chiefdoms and in 1235 led them to victory in the Battle of Kirina. According to popular tradition, Sundiata triumphed because he was a stronger magician than his opponent. This victory marked the beginning of the Mali Empire.”


via Past and Present Kings & Queens

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