NEBHEPETRE MENTUHOTEP II

GREAT BLACK LEADERS: NEBHEPETRE MENTUHOTEP II OF KMT (ANCIENT EGYPT), By RUNOKO RASHIDI

The great Black leader that we bring to your attention today is Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II of Kmt. This outstanding pharaoh reigned for fifty-one years from 2046 BCE to 1995 BCE. He comes to us from the Eleventh Dynasty or royal family of Kmt. His roots are from the south of Kmt and specifically from the Scepter Nome around modern Luxor. He is one of the great national heroes of Kmt and is credited with reuniting the country after it had fallen into disarray. He was a powerful Black man and the towering figure of his time. In the famous statue portrayed here, located in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, he is painted jet-black–the color of god in Kmt–and wears the red crown associated with Lower Kmt (Northern Egypt). He is in the Osirian posture, with white mummy shrouds and feet bound together. His huge muscular legs denote that he is firmly rooted in the earth, like the gospel song, “Like a tree planted by the river, I shall not be moved!” Mentuhotep II ushered in Kmt’s Second Golden Age and was the founder of the historical period known as the Middle King–the classical era in Kmt of literature and writing. Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II is truly worthy of the appellation Great Black Leader!

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Queen Nefertari

Queen Ahmes-Nefertari (ca.1575 -. 1505 BC) was the wife and sister of Pharaoh Ahmose I and mother of Pharaoh Amenhotep I. She was called Great Royal Wife and bore the title of God’s Wife of Amun. She survived her husband and ruled during the reign of her son, whom she survived also likely. She died at the age of about 70 years during the reign of Pharaoh Thutmose I. After her death she was worshiped together with Amenhotep I, as a protective deity of the necropolis of Thebes, particularly in the settlement of Deir el-Medina, which of them together with Amenhotep I had founded.

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